Wheel design

Step by step

This detailed guide describes the all the steps required to create your own SMARS Wheels in a CAD package, so that you can go on to design and build more SMARS wheel designs and customisations.

First the Unpowered wheel will be created, then the Master wheel will be derived from this, finally the inner wheel will be derived from the unpowered wheel.



Dimensions Table

The table below shows the key parameters that drive the wheel design.

Dimensions Table


Base Sketch

The first sketch lays down the main outline of the unpowered wheel.

Dimensions:

Base Sketch


Extrude Base Sketch

Now extrude the base sketch by the Wheel_Depth:

Dimensions:

Base Sketch


Create Octogon

Create a new sketch on the extruded body, this will be used to create the octagonal faces. Use the inscribed Polygon tool to quickly create an octogon.

Dimensions:

Base Sketch


Extrude-Cut Octogon

Finish the sketch and then use the ‘push-pull’ to extrude the areas outside of the profile to form a 3d Octogon.

Base Sketch


Create Sketch - Stub cutout

Create a circle from the origin with the formula: (Wheel_Stub_Diameter - Wheel_Stub_flat) + Tolerance. The Tolerance value is used to make the wheels fit over the chassis wheel stubs. If the fit is too tight or too loose, try adjusting this value by 0.1mm at a time.

Dimensions:

Base Sketch


Extrude-Cut the Stub Wheel

Finish the sketch and then use the ‘push-pull’ to extrude-cut the wheel body.

Dimensions:

Base Sketch


Extrude Join Rim

Make sure the sketches are visible and then use the side profile to extrude-join a 1mm rim.

Dimensions:

Base Sketch


Fillet Rim

Select the newly created rim, and then apply a 0.5mm fillet to the inside edge.

Dimensions:

Base Sketch


Create Midplane

Select the front and back faces of the wheel and then use the construction menu to select Create Midplane. This will create a new construction plane right down the middle of the wheel. We can use this in the next step to mirror the rim.

Base Sketch


Mirror Rim and Fillet features

Create a mirror pattern and select the two features prior to the midplane - the Rim Extrusion and the Rim Fillet, Select the newly created midplane as the mirror plane.

Base Sketch


Extrude-Cut the center

You may need to extrude-cut the center again if the Rim feature filled the center hole back in.

Dimensions:

Base Sketch


Create the Diamond sketch

Next select one of the top faces of the octogon and create a new sketch. Layout a couple of construction lines to place a diamond in the middle of the sketch.

Dimensions:

Base Sketch


Extrude Diamond

Use the ‘push-pull’ command to extrude the diamond up by the Diamond_height.

Dimensions:

Base Sketch


Chamfer Diamond

Use chamfer command to apply a 1.5mm chamfer to the four edges of the diamond.

Dimensions:

Base Sketch


Circular Pattern the Diamond

Use the Circular pattern tool to create 8 copies of the two features you have just created - the extrude diamond and chamfer diamond features. Use the origin as the center of the circular pattern.

Dimensions:

Base Sketch


Create Inner sketch

Create a new sketch on the side of the wheel. Project in the outside edge, the offset and the center to help provide references to this sketch, from the base sketch. Create 4 squares with the origin of the square being tangent to the offset circle.

Dimensions:

Base Sketch


Extrude-cut Inner

After finishing the sketch, use the ‘push-pull’ commend to extrude-cut the newly created inner wheel profile. Extrude the cut by half the wheel_depth.

Dimensions: Extrude-cut Depth = Wheel_depth / 2 (10.5mm)

Base Sketch

Create Stub Profile

Use the origin to create a new sketch on a plane that runs through the center of the wheel. This profile will be used to revolve-cut the wheel stub out of the back of the wheel body. This makes the mechanical joint between the SMARS chassis and the unpowered wheel.

Use the reference diagram below to dimension the sketch.

Base Sketch


Revolve-Cut Stub

Use the revolve command to apple a cut to main body. This profile will create the mechanical join between the wheel and chassis-wheel stub.

Dimensions:

Base Sketch


Derive Powered Wheel

Save the unpowered wheel design and create a new Design - save this new design as ‘Powered Wheel’. Use the Insert and Insert Derive command to open the unpowered Wheel design, and then just select the Body to bring this into the Master wheel design.


Create Powered Wheel Sketch

Select the back of the wheel body and create a new sketch. Create a circle at the origin, and two horizontal lines. The circle represents the motor spindle. The bottom line should have a tangental constraint to the bottom of of the circle, the top line should be 2.47mm away from the bottom line.

Dimensions:

Base Sketch

Extrude-Join master wheel

Using the sketch just created, extrude-join it to the front inner surface of the wheel.

Dimensions:


Inner Wheel

Save the Powered Design and create a new design and save it as ‘Inner Wheel’. Use the Insert -> Insert Derive command to open the unpowered Wheel design and select the inner wheel sketch profile.

Base Sketch

With the inner sketch selected, use the ‘push-pull’ command to extrude the wheel inner by half of the wheel_depth (10.5mm).

Dimensions:

Inner Wheel extrude = Wheel_Depth / 2 (10.5mm)

Base Sketch


Create the inner wheel design - 3 spoke design

We will now use the Polygon -> Inscribed Polygon command to create a circle that is the offset by 1mm from the outside edge of the inner wheel, with 6 sides.

Base Sketch


Extrude polygon

Select 3 of the polygons to extrude-join to the inner wheel body. Extrude all the way through the body.

Dimensions:

Base Sketch


Create tool profile

Now create a sketch on the inside flat surface of one of the spokes, and create the profile as shown below. The dimensions of the profile are up to you to decide, on how you want the wheel to look.

Base Sketch


Revolve-cut the tool profile

Select the profile created above, and use the revolve command to create and cut the spokes.

Base Sketch


Extrude-Cut Inner spokes

Use the ‘push-pull’ command to extrude-cut the upper part of the spokes. This should complete the design of the inner wheel.

Base Sketch


You should now have 3 designs:

  1. Unpowered Wheel
  2. Powered Wheel
  3. Inner Wheel

You can use the inner wheel sketch derived from the unpowered wheel to create all kinds of new designs and variations. Each of these will be able to slot into the inner part of the wheel. You can use different colours of filament to make the designs more interesting.